Page 108 - Doors and Finishes
P. 108

Alder is a softer wood with a fine straight grain and even texture  Color is light brown with yellow or reddish tinge, with little difference between heartwood and sapwood  Alder does not evolve in color or darken when exposed to light or heat as other woods do, and takes stains and finishes well  More than some of the other woods, care must be taken to avoid damage due to its softer nature  Some small tight knots can be found with standard Alder 
Cherry displays a distinctive grain pattern and warm color  The color ranges from nearly white to dark reddish brown  Dark pockets, pin knots, and random streaks are common  More than most woods, Cherry will darken when exposed to light, especially in light stains  The more sun Cherry receives, the faster it will darken  This will be most evident in new wood and will slow as it ages 
Hickory is a heavy, strong wood  It is known for flowing, vibrant grain patterns and dramatic color variations  Hickory can also exhibit random pecks, burls, and mineral streaks  Hickory’s color ranges across a wide spectrum, from nearly white to dark brown 
Rustic Alder, Rustic Cherry And Rustic Hickory refers to the Rustic versions of these wood types  It is characterized by knots, burls and mineral streaks found on center panels, stiles and rails of the door, and on the drawer headers, which could impact hardware placement  Knots will be sound and will be closed, but certain angles could show light through the knots  Glazing rustic wood types will enhance these unique characteristics 
Lyptus is a hard, fine-grain hardwood with a rich, warm tone  Lyptus comes from fast-growing eucalyptus trees that are ready to be harvested within 14 to 16 years of planting  These trees are grown on non-tropical, certified plantations  Color variations can be extreme, but they are minimized when you choose a darker stain  More than most woods, Lyptus mellows and darkens with exposure to light  When Lyptus is stained in a dark color, it looks very much like mahogany 
Maple is a versatile hardwood with a fine, smooth grain  It varies in color from nearly white to a slightly reddish brown  Mineral or sugar streaks occur naturally in Maple and can vary from piece to piece  Variations will be more noticeable in lighter stains 
Oak is a strong wood with a long linear grain, often displaying tiny rays  You may notice small pinholes and tight knots  Color will range from golden blonde to deeper reddish tones  This cut of Oak is known as flat sawn  Quarter Sawn Oak is milled at an angle of 60 to 90 degrees from the grain, allowing rays and flecks to become visible, giving the wood a unique, often vintage, character and dimension 
Walnut is a strong, stable American hardwood known for wide color variation  It ranges in color from creamy white to a medium purplish brown  Walnut cabinetry will have both flowing grain and straight grain  This combination is a treasured characteristic of Walnut, and is showcased when Walnut is finished in Natural  However, Walnut takes all available stains well  Walnut is a favorite choice for furniture and furniture grade cabinetry, such as Brookwood Cabinetry 

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